Whether you’re looking to lower your electricity bill or live off the grid, a solar water heater is an excellent choice for your family homestead.
You’re not alone if you’re wondering how long it takes for a solar water heater to heat up. Many people hesitate at the idea of purchasing a solar hot water heater because they arenʻt too sure about its effectiveness. I am here to tell you, the worry is over.
The average solar hot water heater with a tank of 26 gallons takes about 4-6 hours of direct sunlight to heat up completely. Cloudy days, season and temperature will affect the heat up time. Typically a backup on-demand water heater is installed as a backup, heating water in minutes.
Five to six hours may sound like a long time for you to wait for your shower to be ready, but that is not exactly how it works. Once warm, your Solar Hot Water Tank should keep the water hot for at least 48 hours, depending on what type of Solar Hot Water System you have.
Related: Donʻt have solar hot water panels yet? Youʻre in luck. New solar hot water purchases are eligible for 26% tax rebates, saving you tons of money! Sunbank solar sells some of the best solar hot water panels you can find. A complete all in one system shipped to your door.
Real World Test On Solar Hot Water Heat Up Times
I tested 3 different water heaters, owned by my neighbors, in order to get some real world numbers. Each one was a passive Solar Hot Water Heater since I live in Hawaii. I tested them on sunny days and cloudy days during the winter in Hawaii and here is what I came up with.
I tested to see how long the water would reach 120 degrees, which is the average temperature for hot water used in a home.
|Solar Hot Water Heater #1 (Unknown)||Solar Hot Water Heater #2 (Sunbank)||Solar Hot Water Heater #3 (Sunearth)|
|Sunny Day Average||6 hours 18 minutes||4 hours 25 minutes||4 hours 43 minutes|
|Cloudy Day Average||7 hours 5 minutes||5 hours 58 minutes||6 hours 9 minutes|
|Rainy Day Average||Needed Backup||Needed Backup||Needed Backup|
The tests I ran measured how long the solar hot water panel took to heat water without the need for a backup water heating source.
Some of these numbers may change based on where you live, but they should give you a good basis on how long it will take for you to heat up water in your location.
I took these measurements in the winter here in Hawaii to mimic cooler climates. But if you live in a true winter climate, are solar hot water panels still worth it? This post dives deeper into how solar hot water panels perform in the winter.
The Different Types of Domestic Solar Hot Water Systems
Solar hot water systems typically consist of solar collectors (usually thermal or PV cells) and storage tanks.
Solar hot water systems can be either active or passive. Active heating systems include controls and circulating pumps, whereas passive heating systems do not have any additional moving parts and use convection to heat water.
Active solar hot water systems have many moving parts and are the most efficient converters of solar energy to heat your water. The downside is they’re more expensive and cost more to maintain. Most active systems require electricity as well. They are usually installed in colder climates where circulating water keeps everything from freezing.
Passive systems are cheaper to install and maintain, often last longer than active systems. Passive systems don’t need power to work, but they are much more weather dependent. In the tropics, there is often plenty of sunlight to go around, and passive systems might be the best choice for you.
Keep in mind that passive hot water systems will take longer to heat up on overcast days than active hot water systems.
Weather Factors that Influence Heating Times
Solar water heaters will heat up your water rain or shine, but it might take longer. Here are some things that can affect heat up times.
Depending on where you live in the world, seasons can affect your solar water heating. The sun intensity might go down, and you may have more overcast days that will extend heat up times.
If your winters are sunny and cold (or sunny and warm), you’ll get sufficient diffused radiation to heat up your water. Sun is the important factor here, not temperature.
A day of clouds and rain won’t make your hot water cold. However, it might increase the time it takes to heat up if it’s over a long period of time.
Just like you can still get a sunburn on a cloudy day, your solar hot water system can get enough solar energy from the sun to keep your water warm. Exactly how well theyʻll perform in the clouds and rain can be discovered in this post that covers this subject more in depth.
In any event, extended overcast days will likely make heat up times slow and the water not as hot. Use an electric backup on those days.
Like clouds and rain, shady days shouldn’t affect your hot water heater if it’s only for a day or two. It’s only prolonged dark days that may be a problem. You can combat this with an electrical backup.
- Sun Intensity
The way your hot water heater works depends on the type you have. For some, a hot, sunny day will mean faster heat-up times. For others, it might not make as much of a difference. Ultimately, as long as your system is getting direct sunlight, it will heat your water efficiently.
A Good Hot Water Tank Will Store the Heat
Purchasing a good hot water tank will mean you can be almost completely reliant on the sun to warm up your water — even when you have cloudy days.
An insulated tank prevents the heated water from cooling down too much before use. A good hot water heater will keep your water warm for up to 48 hours.
Extended days without sunlight might require back up heating from electricity or gas. A backup heating unit simply adds a little extra heat in order to keep the water warm and will still be cheaper (and more sustainable) than ditching solar hot water altogether.
Does a Solar Hot Water Heater Work at Night?
With your insulated hot water tank, water temperatures rarely drop significantly during the night. If you notice a big difference, it’s useful to hook up a back-up gas or electric booster so it’s always ready in rain or shine or emergency.
Benefits of a Solar Hot Water Heater
If you’re not using solar, solar hot water heaters are one of the best ways to ease yourself into renewable energy.
As we saw above, solar hot water heaters effectively heat up water. They’re also a fraction of the cost of electrical or power to run. For many families switching to solar hot water saves them thousands of dollars every year, even if they have an electric backup for cloudy days.
In fact, the payback period can be as little as 2 years!!
Solar hot water heaters are also cheaper to install than solar panels. Solar panels have to convert the sun’s energy into electricity which then can be used to power a house and an electric hot water heater.
A solar energy hot water heater does not need to do this conversion. The solar energy is used directly to heat up your water, foregoing the electricity conversion.
Additionally, solar water heaters take up much less roof space than full solar systems. Space-constrained homeowners may be better off utilizing solar energy with solar hot water heaters.
Are you ready to use a solar hot water heater? Check out our other articles about solar hot water systems here.
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